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Diabetes - Health Consequences of Diabetes PDF Print E-mail
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Health Consequences of Diabetes
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Health Consequences of diabetes

Diabetes is an illness that needs to be taken very seriously and treated accordingly. Diabetics have a higher chance of developing certain serious health problems, including heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure, circulation problems, nerve damage, and damage to the kidneys and eyes. The risk is particularly high for people with diabetes who are also very overweight, have high blood pressure, who smoke or who are not physically active. The risk of developing any of these complications can be reduced by controlling blood glucose, blood pressure and by eating healthily and regular physical activity. Some changes to lifestyles are required but by sticking to prescribed treatment, monitoring the condition and following a generally healthy diet, allows most diabetics to be able to continue a normal day-to-day life and take part in the activities they have always enjoyed. Here are is some general advice:

Have regular medical check-ups - In the last 10 to 20 years, the care for people with diabetes has improved dramatically. One of the most important developments has been improved methods of screening, which helps doctors to pick up any health problems at an early stage so they can be treated more successfully.


Eat healthyregular portion controlled meals based on starchy foods such as bread, pasta, potatoes, rice and cereals helps control blood glucose levels. Cut down on fat, particularly saturated (animal) fats, as this type of fat is linked to heart disease. Choose mono unsaturated fats, e.g. olive oil. Grill, steam or oven bake instead of frying or cooking with oil or other fats. Eat more fruit and vegetables, aiming for at least five portions a day to provide you with vitamins and fibre as well as to help you balance your overall diet. Cut down on sugar and sugary foods and use less salt, because a high intake of salt can raise your blood pressure. Alcohol should be drunk in moderation only, two units of alcohol per day for a woman and three units per day for a man. Alcohol can make hypoglycaemia (low blood glucose levels) more likely to occur.


Stop smoking - Smoking, harmful in any circumstances, is particularly dangerous for people with diabetes as it greatly increases the chance of developing a serious health problem. If you smoke, it is very important that you quit now.


Physical activity - It is a good idea to take up some form of regular physical activity, such as walking, swimming, dancing or cycling. Not only will it reduce your risk of developing diabetes, if you already have the condition it can improve your overall control. You may need to consult your doctor or diabetes nurse before taking up any regular exercise, particularly if you are overweight.


Read more about The Diet Plate and Diabetes

Fiery Phoenix